Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act
Requirements of the JJDP Act | Establishment of Funding Priorities in Virginia | Title II Grants |
Title V: Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants
Requirements of the JJDP Act
The new federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 2002 became effective October 1, 2003. The new Act amends the JJDP Act of 1974. The goals of the Act remain unchanged from 1974: to assist State and local governments to prevent and control juvenile delinquency and to improve the juvenile justice system.
To be eligible to receive JJDP Act grant funds, states must comply with four core requirements of the Act. A state’s level of compliance with each of the four core requirements determines eligibility for its continued participation in the grant program.
The deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO) provision requires that children who have committed an offense that would not be criminal if committed by an adult (status offenses) such as truancy or running away, and non-offenders, like abused and neglected children, will not be placed in secure detention facilities or secure correctional facilities.
The separation provision requires sight and sound separation of juveniles from adult inmates in secure institutions.
The jail removal provision prohibits detaining or confining juveniles in adult jails and lockups for more than six hours, the maximum time allowed by statute for purposes of identification, processing, interrogation, transfer to a juvenile facility, court appearance or release to parents. This federal jail removal exception includes a six-hour time period both immediately before and after a court appearance provided that the juvenile has no sight and sound contact with incarcerated adults during this time.
The disproportionate minority contact provision requires that states reduce the disproportionate number of juvenile members of minority groups who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.
To be found in full compliance with the requirement on disproportionate minority contact (DMC) [§223(a)(22)], a locality must address the development of a comprehensive system of service which is equally accessible and available to youth regardless of race, gender, socioeconomic status or geographic locale. Localities selected for grant funding may be asked to develop and implement specific plans if the proportion of youth receiving services is not consistent with the demographics of the community.
The Department of Criminal Justice Services monitors Virginia's compliance with the core requirements of the JJDP Act. In general, violations of the JJDP Act are also violations of the Code of Virginia. Beginning in 1994, the monitoring process documented each violation and the locality having made the inappropriate placement. Any locality with a violation rate greater than that allowable under federal policy is not eligible to receive JJDP grant funds through the Department of Criminal Justice Services, except those funds dedicated specifically to compliance improvement.
Establishment of Funding Priorities in Virginia
Each state is required to submit to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) a Three-Year Plan and annual updates to address the juvenile justice needs of the state. The Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice determines the state’s priorities. The Advisory Committee meets several times each year, including at an annual retreat at which they review relevant data.
Title II Grants
Goal | Time Frame for Title II Grant Funding | Contact
The development of model initiatives at the local level that interrupt the cycle of penetration into the juvenile justice system.
For information about Title II grant funding, contact Lloyd Young via e-mail or by telephone at 804.786.3967.
Title V: Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants
Background | Program Goal | Program Strategy
Matching Funds | Time Frame for Title V Grant Funding
Past Title V Grant Guidelines | Contact
The new federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 2002 reauthorized Title V.
Congress has structured the Title V Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grant Program to support units of general local government that have formulated a community-wide comprehensive strategy for addressing delinquency prevention. This prevention strategy is based on the assessment of risk factors which research has shown to be associated with the development of delinquent behavior. The assessment process and the development of a comprehensive plan are to be undertaken by a local Prevention Policy Board whose membership reflects the cultural, ethnic and economic diversity of the community. In addition, Congress requires that, to be eligible to receive Title V funds, the applicant local unit of government must be found to be in compliance with the core requirements of the JJDP Act.
The goal of this program is to reduce delinquency and youth violence by supporting communities in providing their children, families, neighborhoods, and institutions with the knowledge, skills, and opportunities necessary to foster a healthy and nurturing environment and encourage the growth and development of productive and responsible citizens.
The Title V grant program is based on Hawkins and Catalano’s research model which identifies those risk factors that are known to be associated with delinquent behavior. The program seeks to address these factors at the earliest appropriate stage in each child's development. Funds awarded under this program will be used to fund ameliorative services for at-risk children.
Applicants for Title V funding must clearly identify the risk factors to be addressed by the project and the arena (community, family, school, and individual/peer) in which the activity will take place. Additionally, the applicant should identify protective factors existing in the community. The applicant should also identify, as fully as possible, characteristics that are descriptive of the at-risk youth population towards which the activities will be targeted.
The applicant must provide matching funds equaling at least 50% of the grant award. The match may be provided in cash or through in-kind support. Matching funds must be from funds provided to, and under the control of, the applicant, and cannot be other federal funds. Applicants must be able to account for all program funds (grant award and match) via a separate budget or program-designated line items within an existing management system. Parameters on the use of funds as noted above apply to the use of matching funds.
Matching funds are subject to the same requirements for accounting and expenditure as federal grant funds.
Time Frame for Title V Grant Funding
We anticipate changes in the administration of Title V funds from the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. A Notice of Funding Availability will be posted on the website at http://www.dcjs.virginia.gov/juvenile as soon as we know whether we will have new Title V funds.
For information about Title V grant funding, contact Laurel Marks via email or by telephone at 804.786.3462.
Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
1100 Bank Street
Richmond, VA 23219