Justice and Delinquency Prevention
participates in three grant programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Prevention (JJDP) Act: Title II Formula Grants, Title V Prevention Grants,
and Challenge Grants. In addition, it offers One Time Special Fund Grants
using unexpended Title II and Title V funds. These one-time grants have
a brief three-month grant period of July 1 through September 30. The Innovative
Law Enforcement Community Oriented Policing (ILECOP) supplement was not
re-appropriated. Programs funded through ILECOP in previous years were
continued with OJJDP Title II funds. During FY 1999, DCJS was awarded
a special one-time accountability-based sanction (ABS) supplement from
OJJDP in addition to the Title II base in the allocation amount. The ABS
funds were used to assist localities in planning graduated sanction accountability-based
Advisory Committee reviews and comments on each of the Title II and Title
V grant applications. It makes funding recommendations to the Criminal
Justice Services Board which has final authority to award these grant
Title II Formula Grants
funds are allocated to states based on their youth population under aged
18. These funds must be first awarded to programs geared towards achieving
compliance with the four core requirements of the Act: deinstitutionalization
of status offenders, sight and sound separation of juvenile and adult
offenders, removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups, and reduction
of minority overrepresentation in the juvenile justice system. If compliance
is met, monies can fund other juvenile justice and delinquency prevention
programs and services. For the 1999 fiscal year, additional priorities
for new Title II funding were post-dispositional programs for adjudicated
children in need of services (CHINS), status offenders, and underserved
funds are awarded to local units of government or state agencies. Virginias
share of Title II funds in fiscal year 19991 was $2,058,000. In FY 1999,
funds were awarded to 43 programs. Of those 43, 19 were new programs.
Programs already receiving Title II monies can apply for continued funding
for up to four additional years as Continuation Grants. Of the
27 applications for continuation funding, 24 were approved. The Advisory
Committee requires a clear description of program accomplishments and
evaluation data on which to assess the merits of continued funding. After
two years, community participation in funding is encouraged. Thus, in
years 3 through 5 of the grant, federal funding decreases to 75% for 3rd
year grants, 50% for 4th year grants, and 25% for 5th
year grants. This stipulation is made to encourage successful programs
to become self-sufficient. The table below provides information about
each of the funded projects.
Advisory Committee awarded One-Time Special Fund grants to 4 state agencies
and 32 localities under Title II. Priorities are as for Title II grants.
All awarded grants were $5,000 or less.
here to view Table 1 - Title II Formula Grants Awarded Fiscal Year 1999.
V Prevention Grants
the U. S. Congress added Title V priorities and funds to the JJDP Act.
Title V provides a source of funds for states to award grants to communities
for delinquency prevention and early intervention programs. Grantees must
be in compliance with the four core requirements of the JJDP Act, must
have an approved comprehensive delinquency prevention plan, and must provide
a match, either cash or in-kind, of at least 50% of the federal dollars
awarded. Title V funding was first available in Virginia in 1995. Programs
already receiving Title V monies can apply for continued funding for up
to two additional years as Continuation Grants. As is true for
the Title II program, the JJDP Advisory Committee requires a clear description
of program accomplishments and evaluation data on which to assess the
merits of continued funding.
was awarded $432,000 in Title V Federal funds for fiscal year 1999. Two
localities received first year grant funding; six localities received
second-year funding. The table below provides information about each of
the funded projects.
Advisory Committee awarded One Time Special Fund grants to six localities
under Title V. Grants were limited to $5,000 maximum award. Grants were
given primarily for equipment purchases or other resources to enhance
existing programs. The requests for these Title V funds must comply with
the standard requirements for participation in the Title V program stated
above. Selection priority for Title V one-time special fund grants was
the same as for the regular Title V grants.
here to view Table 2 - Title V Discretionary Grants Awarded Fiscal Year
purpose of State Challenge grants2 is to provide initiatives for states
participating in the Formula Grants Programs to develop, adopt, and improve
policies and programs in any of ten specified Challenge areas. Virginia
has focused on three of those Challenge areas: mental health needs of
youth in the juvenile justice system, community-based alternatives to
incarceration, and conditions of confinement. Virginias allocation
for FY 1999 under the Challenge Grant program was $210,000.
achievements under the Challenge Grant program during FY 1999 were in
the area of the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system.
Special attention was focused on training professionals to implement the
new juvenile competency legislation.
some years, Virginia has been in the forefront nationally in examining
the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system. In 1993,
Virginia was selected as one of five states to participate in the first
Mental Health in the Juvenile Justice System Policy Design Academy. Since
then, Virginia has conducted research that identifies clearly the extent
to which mental health populations in detention have mental health problems.
A Challenge Grant, begun in 1995 to the University of Virginia Institute
for Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy, provides for policy development,
research, training, and dissemination of information related to the improvement
of mental health, special education, and substance abuse services for
juvenile offenders. Specific activities include the following.
Development. Through the work of the challenge grant, a Manual for
the Juvenile Basic Forensic Evaluation Training was developed. The handbook
contains information about current issues in evaluation of juveniles before
the court, including evaluation of juveniles for competency to stand trail.
This material and the staff of the Institute served as a resource to the
Virginia Commission on Youths study of juvenile competency. Legislation
related to juvenile competency became law 1 July 1999.
Researchers from the University of Virginia assisted the Virginia
Department of Juvenile Justice with the compilation of the Client Profile
Database. The Client Profile Database contains information collected from
a multi-disciplinary assessment of each youth admitted to juvenile correctional
facilities between July 1, 1992 and June 30, 1997. In addition, the Institute
conducted a statewide need assessment on the systemic, legal and service
delivery barriers to mental health services for juvenile offenders.
A two-day interdisciplinary training conference on Youth Violence
and Juvenile Justice Reform brought together leading state and national
experts on juvenile delinquency from the fields of law, psychology and
criminology, as well as practitioners, judges and advocates. The program
included presentations and discussions on adolescent violence, the adjudication
of youthful offenders, treatment of juvenile offenders, and social programs
for reducing juvenile crime and adolescent homicide. In addition, the
Institute offered a series of training workshops on juvenile assessment.
A mailing list of 700 juvenile justice professionals received seven
fact sheets on various topics related to mental health and juvenile justice.
The fact sheets, and others, are accessible through the web site of the
University of Virginia Juvenile Forensic Evaluation Resource Center, http://ilppp.virginia.edu/training-symposia/juvenile-programs.html
In Virginia, the 1999 fiscal year is July 1, 1998 to June 30, 1999.
The 1992 reauthorization of the JJDP Act of 1974 added Part E, State
Challenge Activities, to the programs funded by OJJDP.
on to Chapter 4 or
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