Human Trafficking Resources for Law Enforcement

The resources listed below were developed primarily to help law enforcement identify and investigate human trafficking. They were gathered from international, federal and state government agencies and organizations, as well as from private non-profit organizations, that deal with human trafficking.

These resources are intended to provide general information and guidance for Virginia law enforcement organizations. Your employing law enforcement organization may have more specific procedures for dealing with human trafficking.

This page includes links to various websites and documents which may be useful to those involved in identifying, investigating, and prosecuting human trafficking and serving victims. Users are advised that these documents and websites are identified for informational purposes and that the information and opinions presented within each are the responsibility of the authors and do not represent official positions or policies of the Department of Criminal Justice Services.

Government Resources


HUMAN TRAFFICKING FACT SHEETS (Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)

This series of short, one-page fact sheets provides concise information on international human trafficking for law enforcement personnel.




IMMIGRATION OPTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF CRIMES (Source: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services)

This brochure provides information for law enforcement, heath care providers, and other on immigration options for victims of crimes, including trafficking victims.

LOOK BENEATH THE SURFACE: ROLE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS IN IDENTIFYING AND HELPING VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING (Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families)

A PowerPoint presentation with information for law enforcement on how to identify and respond to trafficking victims.

SEX TRAFFICKING: IDENTIFYING CASES AND VICTIMS (Source: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice)

The National Institute of Justice's portfolio on combating human trafficking provides evidence-based research that supports the work of a wide range of practitioners - from prosecutors to local police officers to victim advocates and other service providers. This document is specific to the issue of sex trafficking.


The First Aid Kit provides an easy-to-use source of information on how law enforcement first responders should deal with human trafficking cases.
BLUE CAMPAIGN (Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security)
The components of the Department of Homeland Security combat human trafficking through a variety of programs based on unique statutory authorities and institutional histories. The Department coordinates and unites these initiatives under the "Blue Campaign." The campaign name references the global anti-human trafficking symbols the Blue Heart and the Blue Blindfold, as well as the "thin blue line" of law enforcement. The Blue Campaign is organized around the "three Ps" of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000: Prevention, Protection, and Prosecution.


PowerPoint presentation for DOD law enforcement officials to help them understand what trafficking in persons is, who it affects, how to identify it, how to intervene and investigate it, and how to stop it.


 

Non-Government Resources




A condensed guide to human trafficking for service providers and law enforcement. Includes:
  • A Brief Overview: The Elements of the Crime of Human Trafficking Are Present
  • Common Myths and Misperceptions About Human Trafficking in the U.S.
  • Key provisions of the TVPA
  • Potential Trafficking Indicators
  • The A-M-P Model

POST GUIDELINES ON LAW ENFORCEMENT RESPONSES TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING (Source: California Peace Officers Standards and Training)
Guidelines prepared in a format that will allow the reader to follow a systematic process when conducting human trafficking investigation.


The IACP guidebook on human trafficking covers the federal law, tools for identification, investigation and response, and resources for victim assistance. Includes a pocket guide for field reference, is available in bulk, free of charge for law enforcement agencies and comes in both English and Spanish versions. To enhance this training, use the guidebook in conjunction with the IACP roll-call video on human trafficking. The video offers direction on how to best assist victims, and provides an overview of federal laws.

UNDERSTANDING AND IMPROVING LAW ENFORCEMENT RESPONSES TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING: FINAL REPORT (Source: Northeastern University, Institute on Race and Justice)

A detailed report on a national survey of law enforcement agencies about their responses to human trafficking.