School Resource Officers

School resource officer is defined in § 9.1-101, Code of Virginia, as:

“School resource officer” means a certified law enforcement officer hired by the local law enforcement agency to provide law enforcement and security services to Virginia public elementary and secondary schools.

Understanding key words from the statutory definition, a SRO must:

  • Be a certified law enforcement officer. SROs have met all requirements to be a law enforcement officer and have authority set forth in state law, including the authority to arrest. Law enforcement officers are “responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth.” (§ 9.1-101, Code of Virginia)
  • Be employed by a local law enforcement agency. SROs are law enforcement officers who are employed by a local law enforcement agency. They are assigned by the law enforcement agency to work in one or more schools but remain under the administrative control of the law enforcement agency.
  • Provide law enforcement and security services to public elementary or secondary schools. Note the SRO is defined as providing both law enforcement and security services.
  • Where there is both an assigned SRO and an SSO, the division and coordination of security responsibilities is to be determined collaboratively and should be defined in both school policies and procedures and the interagency memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the school division and law enforcement agency.

SRO and School-Law Enforcement Partnership Resources

Information Sharing Guide for K-12 Public Schools

Virginia School-Law Enforcement Partnership Guide

School-Law Enforcement Partnership Model Memorandum of Understanding - MSWord (Revised 12/2022)

School-Law Enforcement Partnership Model Memorandum of Understanding - pdf (Revised 12/2022)


SRO and School Administrator Basic School - Upcoming Training Schedule

May 15-19, 2023 in Middletown, VA

June 12-16, 2023 in Weyers Cave, VA

July 10-14, 2023 in Chesterfield, VA

August 7-11, 2023 in Chantilly, VA

September 11-15, 2023 in Lynchburg, VA (registration and details coming soon!)

October 23-27, 2023 in Richmond, VA (registration and details coming soon!)

November 27-December 1, 2023 in Hampton, VA (registration and details coming soon!)

School Resource Officer Video Series from the National School Safety Training Center

  • Cultural Differences: Who Knew? As a School Resource Officer (SRO), you are vital in bridging cultural differences and creating a climate of inclusion, ultimately making your school a safer and richer place.
  • Why Aren't They Telling You? In this video, learn more about what goes through a students’ mind when they hear something disturbing but choose not to report it, and the different ways you can remove barriers and build trust between yourself and your students.
  • The First Five Things An SRO Should Do You’ve been assigned to a school as a new School Resource Officer (SRO). Now what? In this video, learn the first five steps you should take as a new SRO. SRO Poster – The First 5 Things
  • The Teen Brain Unlike traditional law enforcement officials, School Resource Officers (SROs) work almost exclusively with young people, so it is crucial they understand how students think and make decisions. But that is no easy task.
  • The Next Five Things An SRO Should Do In an earlier video in our SRO series, you learned the first five things an SRO should do. This last video of the series shares the next five things you should do, including understanding school rules and the law, joining the threat assessment team, understanding safety plans, and being confident in your role. SRO Poster - The Next Five Things An SRO Should Do

2017 School-Law Enforcement Partnership Curriculum

SLEP Training Instructor Guide

Module I: School-Law Enforcement Partnership Memorandum of Understanding and Partner Roles

PowerPoint: Module I

Module II: Legal Issues

PowerPoint: Module II

Module III: Working with Adolescents

PowerPoint: Module III

Module IV: SRO Strategies for Success

PowerPoint: Module IV

School Resource Officer Contacts

Kim Simon, SRO Training and Program Coordinator
Email Kim